Heme/Onco

Teratogenic Effects of Warfarin

Background Information: Fresh Frozen Plasma and Vitamin K is utilized for active bleeding patients on Warfarin. Mnemonic: “OPerating ABnormally BONy FEet” OPerating – OPhthalmologic Abnormalities ABnormally – ABortion BONy – BONe Deformities FEet – FEtal Hemorrhage Mnemonic Aid: To me… the word FABO! sounds super fun! Quizlet Flash Cards: https://quizlet.com/143098112/qs-36-second-usmle-mnemonic-video-series-flash-cards/ Back to School Special Group […]

Electrolyte Abnormalities in Tumor Lysis Syndrome

Background Information: Tumor lysis syndrome (TLS) is metabolic abnormalities associated with cancer treatment. Mnemonic: “KUP without C” K – hyperKalemia U – hyperUricemia P – hyperPhosphatemia without C – hypoCalcemia (due to hyperPhosphatemia) Mnemonic Aid: Imagine a new type of KUP (since it’s without C) that’s filled with lysed tumor! Quizlet Flash Cards: https://quizlet.com/143098112/qs-36-second-usmle-mnemonic-video-series-flash-cards/ Back […]

Tumors Associated with RAS Point Mutations

Background Information: Point mutation alters one base pair in the DNA sequence. E.g. Becker’s Muscular Dystrophy. Mnemonic: “Mello-Yello Race Car Limited ed.” Mello Yello – Melanoma Race – RAS Point Mutation Car – Carcinoma Limited ed. – Lymphoma Mnemonic Aid: Google ‘Mello Yello Race Car’ and you will remember this mnemonic forever! Quizlet Flash Cards: […]

Metastasis of Neuroblastoma

Background Information: The most common malignancy of infancy. Mnemonic: “Live Leech On Boney Skin” Live – Liver Leech – Lymph Nodes On – Orbits Boney – Bone Marrow Skin – Skin Mnemonic Aid: Yuck! Right?! Quizlet Flash Cards: https://quizlet.com/143098112/qs-36-second-usmle-mnemonic-video-series-flash-cards/ Back to School Special Group Buy for Picmonic: http://www.picmonic.com/referrals/4EGX0XWP6S6ALGR16 * Picmonic really helped me to push […]

Squamous Cell Carcinoma (10%) in Plummer-Vinson Syndrome

Basic Background Information: Apart from the triad, koilonychia (a.k.a. spoon nails) and angular cheilitis (affecting oral commissures) are present. Note that Plummer-Vinson Syndrome has an autoimmune pathogenesis. Mnemonic: “Plumber Vinson Squeezed Exotic Orange Hippo” Plumber Vinson – Plummer-Vinson Syndrome Squeezed – Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Exotic – Esophagus Orange – Oral Cavity Hippo – Hypopharynx […]

Triad of Plummer-Vinson Syndrome

Basic Background Information: Plummer-Vison Sydnrome is characterized by iron deficiency anemia. You will notice a microcytic and hypochromic anemia in patient’s peripheral blood smear. The etiology isn’t clear but the scientists suspect that it could be due to deficiency of nutrients or genetic abnormality. Mnemonic: “Plumber Named Vinson Glows In the Evening” Plumber Named Vinson […]

Schilling Test – Stages 1 to 4 (Radioactive Vitamin B12 + ?)

Note that you always give radioactive oral vitamin B12 for all stages of the test. However, you add something else for each stage to identify the cause of vitamin B12 deficiency. Mnemonic: “I’m Intrigued by Anti-stick Pans” I’m – Intramuscular vitamin B12 (unlabeled) – Stage 1 Intrigued by – Intrinsic Factor (oral) – Stage 2 […]

Homan Sign & Virchow’s Triad

Background Information: Patients with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occasionally exhibit Homan Sign. Moreover, patients with Virchow’s Triad are at increased risk of developing DVT. Mnemonic: “Homer’s Calf Virtuously Endorsed Hypercoagulable State” Homer’s – Homan Sign Calf – Calf Pain on Dorsiflexion Virtuously – Virchow’s Triad Endorsed – Endothelial Injury Hypercoagulable – Hypercoagulability State – Stasis […]